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Skin And Beauty
March 2, 2016
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Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
March 3, 2016

Spinal Cord Injuries

Spinal Cord Injuries/paraplegia

The Spinal Cord transmits information between the brain and the rest of the body. Injury to the spinal cord, which currently affects millions of people in all over the world, can cause paralysis, and there is currently no effective treatment.

Could stem cells help?

T he spinal cord is the delicate tissue encased in and protected by the hard vertebrae of the spinal column. Together the brain and spinal cord form the body’s central nervous system. The spinal cord is made up of millions of nerve cells that carry signals to and from the brain and out into other parts of the body. The information that allows us to sit, run, go to the toilet and breathe travels along the spinal cord.

spinal-cord

How could stem cells contribute to spinal cord repair?

A spinal cord injury is complex, involving different kinds of damage to different types of cells. The environment of the spinal cord changes drastically during the first few weeks after injury (immune cells flow in, toxic substances are released, a scar is formed). A combination of therapies (Spinal Cord injection from T2-T11 & intravenously) is needed, acting at the appropriate time-point and on the correct targets. Studies in animals & humans have shown that a transplantation of stem cells especially ASP Stem CellsASP Stem Cells may contribute to spinal cord repair by:

  • Replacing the nerve cells that have died as a result of the injury.
  • Generating new supporting cells that will re-form the insulating nerve sheath (myelin) and act as a bridge across the injury to stimulate re-growth of damaged axons.
  • Protecting the cells at the injury site from further damage by releasing protective substances such as growth factors, and soaking up toxins such as free radicals, when introduced into the spinal cord shortly after injury.
  • Preventing spread of the injury by suppressing the damaging inflammation that can occur after injury.